Gaza: Internally displaced persons

Since 2008, the Gaza Strip has experienced three major escalations of armed conflict which resulted in significant numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs). At the height of the most recent escalation in July-August 2014, nearly 500,000 people, 28 per cent of the population, were displaced from their homes. From mid-August to December 2015, the IDP Working Group, chaired by UNOCHA, carried out a re-registration and vulnerability profiling survey, targeting the over 16,000 households who lost their homes during the 2014 hostilities. The survey collected detailed information on the current living conditions and needs of these IDPs, and the main findings are released in this report. The findings were made available to all relevant actors in a unified database, to enhance humanitarian coordination, programming and advocacy. As the reconstruction effort progresses, nearly 3,000 homes have been rebuilt; however, an estimated 75,000 people are estimated to remain displaced.

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Rafah Crossing Point

Gaza Crossings’ Operations Status: Monthly Update

Longstanding restrictions on the movement of people and goods to and from Gaza have undermined the living conditions of 1.8 million Palestinians in Gaza. Many of the current restrictions, originally imposed by Israel in the early 1990s, were intensified after June 2007…

The Humanitarian Impact of the Blockade

1.8 million Palestinians in Gaza are ‘locked in’, denied free access to the remainder of the occupied Palestinian territory and the outside world. Movement restrictions imposed by Israel since the early 1990’s and intensified in June 2007, citing security concerns, have undermined the living conditions in Gaza and fragmented the oPt and its economic and social fabric.

Family residing in a severly damaged home in Johr Ad Deek

Internal Displacement in the Context of the 2014 Hostilities

The summer 2014 hostilities resulted in the largest displacement recorded in Gaza since 1967. Almost one year after the hostilities, there has been little progress in the reconstruction of houses totally destroyed, prolonging the suffering of displaced people.

Power cut in Ash Shati refugee camp, 2014. Photo by Wisam Nassar

The Humanitarian Impact of Gaza’s Electricity and Fuel Crisis

An Israeli airstrike in June 2006 targeting the Gaza Power Plant (GPP) marked the start of an electricity crisis in the Gaza Strip, which is still ongoing. Since then, the chronic electricity deficit has disrupted the delivery of basic services and undermined already vulnerable livelihoods and living conditions. In the short term, all stakeholders need to ensure that the GPP is supplied with enough fuel to operate at full capacity.

Economic Monitoring Report to the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee

This World Bank report assesses of recent macroeconomic and fiscal developments and government policies in West Bank and Gaza, and analyses Gaza’s stark economic decline over the past 20 years and its human impact. It also presents a mix of policies that should ensure sustainable development of the Gaza strip and put an end to human suffering therein.