Gaza Timeline

Timeline

1994

1995

  • Israel installs perimeter fence surrounding Gaza

2000

  • Second Intifada starts

2001

  • Israel closes safe passage between Gaza and the West Bank
  • Israel bombs Gaza Airport

2002

2005

  • Israel unilaterally disengages from Gaza

2006

  • Hamas wins Palestinian elections
  • Israel stops the entry of Palestinian workers into Israel
  • Israeli soldier captured, operation “Summer rains” launched

2007

  • Hamas takes over Gaza and Israel imposes a blockade
  • Israel closes Karni crossing except for a conveyer belt

2008

  • Escalation in hostilities: Operation “Cast Lead”
  • Fishing activities beyond 3NM prohibited

2009

  • Access to areas closer than 300m from the fence is prohibited

2010

  • Israel closes Nahal Oz Crossing
  • Israel intercepts flotilla headed to Gaza from Turkey
  • Israel eases import restrictions
  • Egypt reopens Rafah Crossing

2011

  • Israel closes Karni conveyor belt
  • Israel closes Sufa Crossing

2012

  • Escalation in hostilities: Operation “Pillar of Defence”
  • Fishing areas extended to 6NM

2013

  • Egypt launches military campaign to destroy tunnels
  • Egypt closes Rafah Crossing to entry of commercial goods

2014

  • Escalation in hostilities: Operation “Protective Edge”
  • Transfer of goods from Gaza to West Bank resumes
  • Egypt closes Rafah to movement of people, with exceptions